1. Sector overview
Egg production in Mozambique has been growing for several years. From 2004 to 2012 production increased by 80%, climbing to 96% for the period 2009-2012. Maputo Province accounts for 51.3% of the total egg production in the country, followed by Manica Province with 41.4%, and Nampula with 5.4%. In 2012, the family sector had contributed to 14% of total egg production (10,135,259 dozen).
While national egg production is rapidly growing, the import of eggs for consumption into Mozambique is also enjoying steady growth. In 2009, the number of table eggs imported from neighboring countries such as Zambia, South Africa and Malawi amounted to 10,000,000 dozen.
Due to the high cost of layers, feed and facilities (layer houses), FAO estimates that 90% of the eggs consumed in the country are cheap imported eggs from neighboring countries. These eggs are said to be inferior in quality. Despite staggering growth, the sector is still a long way from reaching its ceiling. In 2011, FAO stipulated that the total quantity of eggs consumed in 2011, including those imported, was 7,990,998 dozen, which corresponds to an average availability for consumption of about 4 eggs per person per year. Recent communications with the interviewees reveal that the consumption per capita per year is double this number today, yet far from the average national consumption in countries such as South Africa (156 eggs per capita per annum) or Zambia (48). Eggs can be bought either fresh at markets and shops, or cooked from local vendors who roam the streets daily.