Read full case study – IFAD case. Uganda is a very poor country with a low per capita Gross Domestic Product (GDP), a predominantly rural population, and high dependence on development assistance. Its landlocked position enhances its vulnerability to events in neighbouring countries. Although agriculture remains a key sector, both its share of GDP and its growth rate have declined steadily since 2000. Ugandan agriculture is dominated by small-scale subsistence farming and rangeland herding. There has, however, been a recent trend towards the commercialization of smallholder production.