10. Performance Measurement

Learning objectives

After this session you will be familiar with the opportunities and importance of Performance Measurement (PM) related to inclusiveness objectives. You will also gain knowledge on generally accepted approaches and indicators for tracking performance and inclusiveness.

Topic: Performance Measurement

Performance measurement is about assessing the current status of a situation/indicator and tracking change over time. The goal is to follow trends in key indicators in cost-effective ways. PM approaches are not meant to provide the in-depth information needed to be able to attribute specific outcomes to specific interventions. This would be done during an evaluation process, however.

Monitoring and Evaluation (M&E) is the structural and regular checking of the progress being made towards pre-set goals. It involves monitoring change while planned activities are being undertaken, identifying the resulting outputs, and evaluating the processes being followed. This process is typically done on a quarterly, semi-annual, or sometimes an annual cycle. Evaluations are usually carried out after two years or more. They focus on the outcomes and, if work has been going on long enough, possibly the impacts of activities.

M&E systems indicate whether the planned activities and processes directly lead to the hoped for results (attribution). If properly designed, these systems are also built into decision-making loops within a project/ program/partnership so that changes are made as necessary.

Task 18:

  • Make a Theory of Change for a selected case
  • Select indicators and metrics from the PM framework that might be appropriate for key points in your Theory of Change.
  • Formulate one or two key indicators for topics that are specific to your case and not covered by the PM framework.
  • Describe how you would collect the necessary information for three

Task 19:

  • Outline the decision-making processes in your case, and how your M&E system will inform on-going



Three key approaches to M&E and performance measurement can be found here: